What Is Ischemic Stroke? Ischemic Stroke is a type of Brain Stroke. This Brain Stroke is commonly known as CVA or cerebrovascular attack. Along with the other type of stroke, this type is also considered fatal for a patient to experience. The mere fact that it involves the brain makes it a detrimental without even going into details about the disease. The brain is a very vital organ that controls all other parts of the body and any disruptions on its functions will greatly affect a person’s capabilities. It is the structure in the body that functions the most even if the person is asleep.
Ischemic Stroke is always preceded by a TIA Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack which can be considered to be a warning sign of stroke. This can be possible if there is a short period of cessation in the brain’s blood and oxygen supply. After a while, when the nuisance in the system wasn’t early recognized and prompt treatment wasn’t performed, the patient may suffer from an Ischemic Stroke. In this condition the supply of oxygen through blood is occluded by a thrombus or an embolus. Thrombus is the formation of blood clots in the blood vessel that can eventually occlude it. Thus, as soon as this thrombus is detached from its original location and travels into the blood stream; it is now termed as an embolus.
It is considered as emergency for the medical team because there is an ischemia or deprivation of oxygen supply to the brain. Researches were made that after 6 minutes of ischemia the patient might have permanent damages in the brain and 10 minutes of oxygen deprivation may cause the infarction of the brain tissues; the death of the patient may be imminent on this condition.
The Stroke Symptoms vary from each other. This is due to the damage that the condition has resulted. The damage on a person’s brain is parallel to the symptoms he will manifest. Patients with this condition may have motor deficits, visual disruptions, sensory dysfunctions, cognitive deficiencies, verbal deficits and emotional problems. Since the patient has a vast number of manifestations, caring for this type of patients will entail a multi-faceted approach to address each disability the patient may have.
Diagnostic exams are prerequisite for the provision of treatments. It is necessary to rule out other conditions first. The diagnostic tests that are involved in this condition are mostly focused on getting the images of the brain and other structures such as the blood vessels that can contribute to the occurrence of the condition. Lifestyle changes may be necessary especially for persons who have the higher risk of having the disease such as obese people, persons with hypertension and hyperlipidemia. The prevention of Ischemic Stroke comprises of pharmacologic interventions, lifestyle changes and surgical procedures. These mentioned procedures are also applicable for the treatment of this condition. It also includes therapies which can improve the situation of the patient such as physical therapy, speech lessons, emotional support and cognitive therapy. Interventions should be performed as soon as possible to prevent greater damages on the patient.