What is Diabetes? Diabetes, also called diabetes mellitus, is a health disorder that affects the sufferer’s metabolism. In a healthy body system, glucose produced from digested food travels through the bloodstream. In the body’s cells, glucose is used to provide energy for the body. However, in order for this to happen, the pancreas must first produce a sufficient amount of insulin, a special hormone. In individuals with diabetes, the pancreas does not supply an adequate amount of insulin. In some cases it may produce no insulin at all, and in other cases the body cannot properly use the produced insulin.
In diabetics, glucose accumulates in the blood due to the insufficient amounts of insulin produced. The glucose is then excreted from the body during urination. This is detrimental because glucose is a huge source of energy in the body. Therefore, diabetics may often feel fatigue and drained of energy, especially when this condition is not treated properly.
Who is affected by diabetes? People classified as high risk for diabetes generally fall into the following categories: –over age 45 –overweight –were diabetic while pregnant –fall into the following ethnic categories: black, Hispanic, Asian, Native Indian –have some family history of diabetes –suffer from hypertension –have high cholesterol –do not exercise regularly –had a child that weighed over 9 pounds at birth
Treatment Diabetics are generally advised to exercise and maintain a strict diet. Oral medication and insulin are also used to help control the disorder.
Because each case is different, it is important to consult a healthcare specialist to learn more about management and treatment plans. While there is no cure for the disorder, a physician can recommend the proper diet, medication and other tips for living healthier with diabetes. Consult a healthcare provider for further information.