Hypercholesterolemia – Causes Symptoms And Treatment

Hypercholesterolemia – Causes Symptoms And Treatment Hypercholesterolemia presents the first step to slow heart disease due to cholesterol deposits on the walls of blood vessels leading to atherosclerosis, hypertension and increased risk of myocardial infarction. Cholesterol can be inherited or can be caused by eating high-fat aliments.

Causes include:

– Diet. Eating too much saturated fat can raise cholesterol levels. These unhealthy fats are found in animal products. Beef, pork, veal, milk, eggs, butter and cheese contain saturated fat. Packaged foods that contain coconut oil, palm oil and cocoa butter contain high amounts of saturated fat. Margarine, vegetable fat, and most cookies, crackers, chips and other snacks also contain, saturated fat

– Body weight. Increased body weight increases triglycerides and decreases HDL cholesterol.

– Level of activity. Lack of physical activity increases levels of LDL and decreases the HDL.

– Age and sex. After the age of 20 years, cholesterol levels are starting to increase naturally. In men, cholesterol levels stop growing around age 50. In women, persists until menopause.

– General health. Certain diseases such as diabetes or hypothyroidism, causes high cholesterol levels.

– Family history. If are more people in the family who have high levels of cholesterol (familial clustering), the condition is inherited.

– Smoking. This habit can decrease good cholesterol.

In rare cases, cholesterol can be caused by an inherited condition called dyslipidemia, which modify how the body uses cholesterol. People with this disorder may have total cholesterol levels over 250 mg / dl. Certain types of inherited dyslipidemia may be difficult to treat.

Cholesterol does not cause symptoms. It is usually discovered during routine blood tests, which cause increased levels of triglycerides and cholesterol. Can be discovered when another disease is diagnosed, partly due to hypercholesterolemia, such as for example coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral arterial disease or inflammation of the pancreas.

Mechanism fiziopatogenetic

Both increased levels of LDL and lower levels of HDL can lead to deposition of cholesterol in artery walls (plaque). This accumulation, called atherosclerosis, hardens and narrows arteries and reduces blood flow to tissues, including the myocardium (heart muscle).

Atherosclerosis can lead to:

– Coronary artery disease, which causes chest pain, heart attack, heart failure or arrhythmias (irregular heartbeat)

– Stroke or transient strokes. Atherosclerosis, where affects blood vessels leading to the brain can cause strokes or transient strokes.

– Peripheral arterial disease is caused by atherosclerosis of blood vessels that nourish the hands, feet and other parts of the body. Reducing blood flow to the legs cause leg cramps, thighs and buttocks. High cholesterol levels increase naturally, with age. Also increase after menopause in women and as a result of other diseases such as diabetes.

Risk Factors

Some factors that increase risk for high cholesterol can be controlled. It is very important to decrease the risk as much as possible.

Risk factors that can be controlled include:

– Diet high in saturated fat and cholesterol, which increases cholesterol and lowers LDL cholesterol HLD

– Increased weight, which increases LDL and decreases HDL levels

– Lack of physical activity that increases LDL and decreases HDL

– Smoking can lower HDL by 15%.

It is possible to control some of the diseases that increase cholesterol levels, including diabetes.

Risk factors that cannot be controlled include:

– Family history. Coronary artery disease in relatives younger than 55 years in men and women younger than 65 years means that people in this family have an inherited tendency for hypercholesterolemia.

– Age and sex. After the age of 20 years, cholesterol levels naturally increase. In men, cholesterol levels stop growing around age 50. The woman persists until menopause.

There are two ways to lower cholesterol levels. The first consists of lifestyle changes through diet modification, weight loss, exercise and smoking cessation. The second method consists intaking one or two lipid-lowering drugs (cholesterol lowering). Both methods of treatment goals is to lower LDL, increase HDL levels, to lower triglyceride levels and decrease risk factors for heart disease.

Cholestone Calivita, 100% natural product that has vitamin A and E in his composition, fatty acids from flaxseeds, garlic, lecithin, pectin in apples and chrome, is a special formula designed to lower blood cholesterol and triglycerides. Cholestone lowers cholesterol and maintains a normal level. Vitamins C and E have an important role because of its antioxidant action, protecting us against oxidation that lead to cardiovascular disease as the initial lesion starts from oxidation of cholesterol. Pectin apple and garlic are very beneficial as involved in lipid metabolism and reduce cholesterol and trigliceridemia. Flaxseeds are a very consistent source of omega-3 fatty acids, well known for their ability to reduce cholesterol and prevent cardiovascular disease.

Cholestone is an important source of vitamins and other essential elements necessary to maintain an optimal level of cholesterol, thus preventing cardiovascular disease, so common today.

It is very important to lowering cholesterol to reduce risk for coronary disease, myocardial infarction, stroke and other diseases caused by atherosclerosis. This way to lower the risk iscalled primary prevention. Treatment is especially important for people who already have coronary disease or diabetes or who have already had a heart attack or stroke. This method is called secondary prevention.

Related Posts